Fifth International Conference on Bioaerosols, Fungi, Bacteria, Mycotoxins and Human Health

Detailed Conference program


Tuesday, September 9 - Wednesday, September 10 - Thursday, September 11

 Friday, September 12


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Tuesday, September 9, 2003

4.00     pm                               Opening registration

4.00     pm                               Opening speakers bureau

6.00     pm       7.30     pm        Meeting scientific committee/session chairs

10.00   pm                               Closing registration

10.00   pm                               Closing speakers bureau





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Wednesday, September 10, 2003





8.30             Conference opening

Eckardt Johanning (Conference Chair and Director)


8.40 – 9:45      Session A: Health effects I – epidemiological research

                        Session chairs/monitors:                    

                                    Torben Sigsgaard

                                    Carl-Gustaf Bornehag


Aa.      Summary presentation, Health effects I (Patho-mechanism)

            Torben Sigsgaard


Ab.      Summary presentation, Health effects I

Dampness in buildings as a risk factor for health effects –

Multidisciplinary review of the literature on dampness in buildings

and health effects, NORDAMP and EUROEXPO

            Carl-Gustaf Bornehag


A1.       Effects of repair of school mold problems and teachers’ health

Riita-Liisa Patovirta, Tuula Husman, Ulla Haverinen, Mika Toivola,

Marjut Reiman, Mikko Vahteristo, Jukka Uitti, Hannu Tukiainen, and Aino Nevalainen


A2.      Assessment of exposure to indoor environmental factors for an infant cohort at risk for asthma

            Catherine M. Catranis, Susan E. Anagnost, Analie Fernando, Shannon Morey,

            Chun J.K. Wang, Paula Defestano, Chris Garback, Melanie LaMoy, Geralyn Hall, Deepa Naishadham, Judith Crawford, Andrew Hunt, and Jerrold L. Abraham.


A3.      Cluster of autoimmune disease in association with microbial exposure

            in moisture damaged buildings

            Tuula Husman, J. Pelkonen, and R. Luosujärvi




9.45 – 10.00    Coffee break


10.00 – 11.45  Session B: Health effects II – Toxicology and Neurological Effects

                        Session chairs/monitors:                    

                             Harriet Ammann

Manfred Gareis



Ba.      Summary presentation, Health effects II

            Harriet Ammann


Bb.      Summary presentation, Health effects II

            Manfred Gareis (Mycotoxin analytical issues and public health prevention)



B1.       Cytotoxicity of different actionmycetes isolated from building materials

A. Mehrer, Wolfgang Lorenz, Manfred Gareis,

 C. Trautmann, R.M. Kroppenstedt, and E. Stackebrandt


B2.      Human and animal pathology of inhalation trichothecene mycotoxicosis

            William A. Croft, Bonnie Jastromski, Amanda Croft, and Henry Peters


B3.      Sick building syndrome in water damaged buildings:

           Generalization of the chronic biotoxin associated illness paradigm

           to indoor toxigenic-fungi exposure

            Ritchie C. Shoemaker, H. Kenneth Hundell, and Dennis House


B4.      Visual contrast sensitivity: a sensitive indicator of

           neurotoxicity for risk assessment and clinical applications

            H. Kenneth Hudnell, Dennis E. House, and Ritchie C. Shoemaker


B5.      Clinical evaluation of suspected mold neurotoxicity

            Raymond Singer


B6.      Cognitive impairment associated with exposure to toxic mold: a replication of previous findings

            Wayne A. Gordon, Joshua Cantor, Heather Charatz, Janis Breeze, and Eckardt Johanning


B7.      The chronicity of cognitive impairment associated with exposure to toxic mold

Wayne A. Gordon, Joshua Cantor, Heather Charatz, Teresa Ashman, and Eckardt Johanning


B8.      Association of molds indoor with neurobehavioral and pulmonary impairment

            Kaye Kilburn



11.45 – 12.45  Lunch


12.45 – 1.45    Poster session 1

                        Presenters A1 – B8



2.00 – 3.20      Session C: Health effects III – Health assessment & case studies

                        Session chairs/monitors:                    

                                    Tuula Husman

                                    Eckardt Johanning


Ca.      Summary presentation, Health Effects III: Health Effects of moisture damage associated microbes

            Tuula Husman


C1.       Laboratory signs of sickness due to mold metabolites in indoor environment

Anja Tiilikainen, Irmeli Heikkinen, Leila Mikkilä, and Aini Bloigu


C2.      Assessing the allergic potential of indoor air fungal contaminants

Marsha D.W. Ward, Michael E. Viana, Yongjoo Chung, Najwa Haykal-Coates,

Lisa B. Copeland, Steven H. Gavett, and MaryJane K. Selgrade


C3.      Alleged mercury poisoning symptoms in sewage treatment workers likely linked to bacteria,

           fungal, and endotoxin exposure

            Chris van Netten and Karen Bartlett


C4.      Clinical evaluation of surviving twin after fatal case of pulmonary

           hemosiderosis following Stachybotrys chartarum and other indoor mold

           product exposure – first case control study

Gary J. Ordog, Jonathan Wasserberger, and Dennis Hooper


C5.      Epidemiological investigation of a mold-contaminated “sick” building

James Craner, Stuart Alderman, and Neil Willits


C6.      Symptomatic improvement after cessation of mold exposure:

          clinical experience in environmental and occupational health

            Iris G. Udasin, Howard Lu, Elisheva Rovner, and Howard Kipen


C7.      Clinical Experience with exposure to fungi and laboratory testing

            Eckardt Johanning and Raymond Luhrman


3.20 – 3.35      Coffee break



3.35 – 5.00      Session D: Health Effects IV – Experimental research

                         Session chairs/monitors:                   

                                    Maija-Riitta Hirvonen

                                    Dorr Dearborn


Da.      Summary presentation, Health effects IV. Cytotoxicity and inflammatory

           responses induced by moldy house microbes

            Maija-Riitta Hirvonen


D1.      Nasal effects of VOC-ozone reaction products: Do reactions with ozone

            enhance irritation due to MVOCs?

            Robert Laumbach

Robert J. Laumbach, N. Fiedler, C. Weschler, C.R. Gardner, J. Zhang, P. Lioy,

T. Fan, K. Kelly-McNeil, and H.M. Kipen


D2.      Occular effects in humans by experimental exposure to different types of dust

Zhiwei Pan, Lars Mølhave, Søren K. Kjœrgaard, Torben Sigsgaard, Jan-Erik Juto,

 Kjell Andersson, and Göran Stridh


D3.      The synergistic interaction between microbial metabolites and actionbacteria

           Streptomyces californicus

            Kati Huttunen, J. Pelkonen, U. Nuutinen, Kristian Fog Nielsen, and Maija-Riitta Hirvonen


D4.      Nasal lavage in the evaluation of upper airway inflammation in three

          different exposure environments

            Marjut Roponen


D5.      Effects of spores of two Stachybotrys chartarum strains on pulmonary

            surfactant formation, in vitro

            Thomas G. Rand, and J.E. Scott


D6.      Inflammatory lung responses in mice after intra-tracheal exposure to spores

           of two Stachybotrus chartarum strains

            Thomas G. Rand, B. Hudson, L. Gregory, and J. Flemming


D7.      Comparison of the acute effects of S. chartarum and other indoor molds

           on the lungs of infant rats

            Iwona Yike, Ronald Walenga, and Dorr G. Dearborn


C8.      Glucan spiking of office dust increases nasal inflammation in volunteers

Torben Sigsgaard, S.K. Kjargaard, L. Molhave, E.C. Bonefeld-Jorgensen, J.H. Bonlokke, ,

 J-E Juto, G. Stridh, and H. Lofstedt


5.00 – 6.00      Poster session 2

                        Presenters C1 – D8


6.00 – 7.00      Dinner


7.30 – 8.30      Plenum discussion: Health and Microbes

                        Introductions by Torben Sigsgaard, Harriet Ammann, Tuula Husman, and Maija Riita Hirvonen





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Thursday, September 11, 2003


8.00 – 10.00    Session E: Assessment I – Assessment methods and field findings

                        Session chairs/monitors:                    

                                    Aino Nevalainen

                                    Phil Morey


Ea.      Summary presentation, Assessment I

            Exposure in moldy buildings

Aino Nevalainen


E1.       Development of a gel-trap system coupled with PCR for Nasal effects of

            VOC-ozone Development of a gel-trap system coupled with PCR for

            microorganisms environmental detection: application to

             Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex

            Valerie Bex, C. Vadrot, L. Bordenave, A. Mouilleseaux, V.Joseph, and F. Squinazi


E2.      Home dust: an efficient and affordable tool for the assessment of microbial contamination

Paul Widden, Tonia DeBellis, Charles Deblois, Claude Mainville, and Marie-France Pinard


E3.      Comparison of different mold detection methods in mold damaged buildings

Hans Schleibinger, H. Samwer, D. Laußmann, A. Nickelmann, D. Eis, and H. Rueden


E4.      Microbial indoor air quality in office buildings with central air conditioning installations

           in Belgium. An easy tool for a fungal quality evaluation

            Camille Chasseur, Sébastien Gofflot, and Nicole Nolard


E5.      Microbial indoor air quality in office buildings with central air conditioning installations

            in Belgium. An easy tool for a bacterial quality evaluation

Camille Chasseur, Sébastien Gofflot, V. De Maertelaer, and Nicole Nolard


E6.      Comparison of PVC cassettes versus vacuum bags for collection and enumeration

           of culturable filamentous fungi in settled dust

            Brad Prezant


E7.      Assessment of mold sources in the indoor environment

Satheesh Kumar Sivasubramani, Tiina Reponen, and S.A. Grinshpun


E8.      Evaluation of bacterial and fungal indoor air contamination using a preventative

           approach and an alternative bacterial identification method

            Sara Bonetta, Silvia Bonetta, Simonetta Sampò, Sabrina Mosso, and Elisabetta Carraro


E9.      Wall relative humidity: A simple and reliable index for predicting

            Stachybotrys chartarum infestation in dwellings

            Sandrine Boutin-Forzano, Carmel Charpin-Kadouch, Henri Dumon, Nadia Bennedjai, and Denis Charpin


E10.     Comparison of mold, allergen and endotoxin exposure among residential,

            academic and commercial buildings

            Cynthia M. Lange, W. Elliot Horner, and Phil Morey


E11.     The Natural Distribution of MVOC (Microbially Produced Volatile Organic Compounds)

           in Buildings without Mold Infestation

            Reinard Keller


10.00 – 10.15  Coffee break



10.15 – 12.15  Session F: Assessment II – Field findings (continued) and mycology

                        Session chairs/monitors:                    

                        Anna-Liisa Pasanen

                                    Claude Mainville


Fa.       Summary presentation, Assessment I : Sampling: a neglected part of

            building investigations and microbial exposure assessment

Anna-Liisa Pasanen


F1.       Airborne allergens, bacteria, and fungi in 100 office buildings: Study, sampling

           and database design and selected results from the BASE study

Derek G. Shendell, Feng C. Tsai, Janet M. Macher, and Laureen Burton


F2.       Comparison of fungal air sampling in water damaged buildings vs. base buildings and outdoors

Michael S. Andrew, Phil R. Morey, and B.K. Ligman


F3.       Shared air: examining the contribution of mold from home crawl spaces to home interiors

            Wayne Thomann and Marie Lynn Miranda

F4.       Modeling the equilibrium spore load for a building

            John C. Banta and James Holland


F5.       Physical factors and distribution of fungal contamination in a high rise building

            Herman Sabath and Eric Shapiro


F6.       Release of Aspergillus versicolor fragments and spores from contaminated surfaces

            Seung-Hyun Cho, Sergey Grinshpun, Mikhail Yermakov, and Tiina Reponen


F7.       Micro-particles from fungi

            Anne Mette Madsen, J. Kildesø, and O.M. Poulsen


F8.       Methods for detecting indoor bacteria producing substances toxic to human cells

            Maria A. Andersson, Elina Jääskeläinen, Camelia Appetroaie, Douwe Hoornstra,

            Vera Teplova, and Mirja Salkinoja-Salonen


F9.       [POSTER ONLY] Multidisciplinary Survey of a Microbial Contaminated Complex

           of Residential Apartments

            Herman Sabath


12.00 – 1.00    Lunch



1.00 – 2.00      Poster session 3

                        Presenters E1 – F9



2.15 – 3.55      Session G: Assessment III - Mycology

                        Session chairs/monitors:                    

                        Robert Samson

                                    Ken Dillon


Ga.      Summary presentation, Assessment III - Fungal identification of indoor molds:

           current methods and new developments

Robert Samson


Gb.      Summary presentation, Assessment III

            Ken Dillon


G1.       Gypsum amendment in nutrient medium enhances the growth of Stachybotrys chartarum

            Anna-Mari Pessi and Auli Rantio-Lehtimäki


G2.      Nutrient and pH demands of Streptomycetes isolated from indoor environments

            Ulla Lignell, M. Kontro, Marja-Riita Hirvonen, and Aino Nevalainen


G3.      The microbial interactions between Stachybotrys chartarum and Streptomyces californicus

            Piia Penttinen M.M. Keinänen, M. Toivola, Kati Huttunen, J. Pelkonen, and Maija-Riita Hirvonen


G4.      Methods to classify environmental samples based on mold analysis by QPCR

            Richard A. Haugland, Manju Varma, Larry Wymer, Teija Meklin, and Steve Vesper


G5.      Qualitative identification of Meruliporia incrassate using real time polumerase chain

           reaction (real time PCR)

            King-Teh Lin, De-Wei Li, Derrick A. Dennis, Ray C. Woodcock, and Chin S. Yang


G6.      A new ecological niche for the pathogenic yeast, Cryptococcus neoformans var. gattii,

            in a temperate climate zone

            Karen H. Bartlett, Murray Fyfe, Laura MacDougall, Craig Stephen, and Sarah Kidd


G7.      Individual exposure assessment in residents near large scale composting sites

            Caroline E.W. Herr, A. zur Nieden, J. Bünger, N.I. Stilianakis, and Th.F. Eikmann



3.55 – 4.10      Coffee break



4.10 – 5:15      Session H: Assessment IV – Mycology (continued)

                        Session chairs/monitors:                    

                                    Linda Stetzenbach

                                    Ed Olmsted


Ha.      Summary presentation, Assessment IV

            Linda Stetzenbach


H1.      Cross-reactivity patterns of monoclonal antibodies against Aspergillus versicolor

           and their implications for the development of antibody-based monitoring techniques

           for fungi

            Detlef Schmechel, Janet P. Simpson, and Daniel M. Lewis


H2.      Characterization of fungal flora from moisture damaged building material by molecular methods

            Miia Viikari, H. Rintala, and L. Paulin


H3.      Fungal enzymes in indoor dust

            Anne Mette Madsen and H. Würtz


H4.      Fungal growth enhancement and solubilization ability on calcareous building materials

            Anna-Mari Pessi, Minna Rekola, and Auli Rantio-Lehtimäki


H5.      Evaluation of airborne data for small sample sizes: Results from PCR field

           validation study, and its incorporations into data assessment

            David Kahane


H6.      [POSTER ONLY] Rapid detection and quantitation of fungal spores from

            dust samples using real-time PCR

Jyoti Keswani, M. Kashon, and B. Chen



5.15 – 5.30      Refreshment break



5.30 – 6.30      Poster session 4

                        Presenters G1 – H6



6.30 – 7.30      Plenum discussion: Assessment and Field Studies

Introductions by Anna-Liisa Pasanen, Linda Stetzenbach, Aino Nevalainen, and Ken Dillon


7.30 – 9.30      Reception/buffet, Hall of Springs, Saratoga Springs




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Friday, September 12, 2003



8.00 – 9.00      Session I: Transitional Countries

                        Session chairs/monitors:

                                    Nceba Gqaleni

                                    Leila Brickus


Ia.        Summary presentation

            Nceba Gqaleni


I1.        The indoor environment and allergy as potential stressors in Durban hospitals, South Africa

            A. Shadwell, Nceba Gqaleni, and L. Schlebusch


I2.        Ventilation efficiency, dampness and mouldiness in dwellings in the Waterloo

            housing development (Durban metropolitan area). A case study of indoor air quality.

            Ajay Gansan, Nceba Gqaleni, and J.E. Ehiri


I3.        Hetrogenety in microbial exposure in schools in Sweden, Poland and Jordan revealed

            by analysis of chemical markers

            Loay Wady, Asem Shehabi, Bogumila Szponar, Christina Pehrson, Yezhou Sheng, and Lennart Larsson


I4.        Fungi surveys in tropical southeastern Brazil

            Leila Brickus, M F Costa, J M Machado, and J C Moreira



9.00 – 10.25    Session J: Remediation

                        Session chairs/monitors:

                                    Phil Morey

                                    Ken Ruest


Ja.        Summary presentation: Remediation

            Phil Morey


J1.        A critical review of mold remediation standards

            Mike McGuiness



J2.        The effect of construction site dust on mold clearance sampling

            David Brinkerhoff and Phil Morey


J3.        Clearance protocols and the valuation of an electronic nose for mold contaminated structures

            Stephen C. Wilson, W.H. Holder, R.F. Johnson, L.A. Andriychuk, Michael D. Larrañaga, and D.C. Straus


J4.       Assessment and remediation of mold contamination in fan coil units of a 341 suite residential condominium

Christine White


J5.        A model for economic decision making in indoor air quality

Michael D. Larrañaga, M.G. Beruvides, H.W. Holder, S.C. Wilson, and D.C. Straus



10.25 – 10.40  Coffee break



10.40 – 12.20  Session K: Prevention and Control

                        Session chairs/monitors:                    

                                    Laura Kolb

                                    Claude Mainville


Ka.      Summary presentation: Remediation

            Laura Kolb


Kb.      Summary presentation: Prevention and control

Claude Mainville


K1.       Biological assessment focusing on mold

Micheline Sedlar and Robert Douglas


K2.      A building microbiology database

Adnan Uzunovic, Karen Bartlett, Bill Deacon, and Randy Urbanowski


K3.      Impact of ventilation design on fungal proliferation in a school HVAC system

Brenda E. Barry, Timothy M. Lockhart, and David S. Jessup


K4.      Mold identification and control strategies in a Canadian training complex

            Lan Chi Nguyen Thi, C. Kerr, and J. Johnson


K5.      Risk assessment of bioaerosols in indoor environments: current paradigms

           and evolving concepts

            R. Vincent Miller and Harriet Ammann


K6.      Evaluating the success of implemented IEQ management plans for

           the prevention of microbial manifestations within HVAC systems in a high-rise building

            Jaclyn Dispensa, Katherine Wilde, Steve Hart, and Jon Wybar


K7.      Sustained fungal control through interior finish performance requirements

Olaf C.G. Adan, M.M. Sanders, and Robert A. Samson



12.30 – 1.30    Poster session 5 Presenters I1 – K7



1.30 – 2.15      Plenum discussion

                        Introductions by Nceba Gqaleni, Phil Morey, and Laura Kolb



2.15 – 2.30      Refreshment break


2.30 – 4.30      Grand Rounds:

                     “Medical issues and patients perspective:

                      providing best medical care while medical science is in development”

                      Moderator: Mary Darcy, producer “The Health Show”, WAMC National Productions


Dorr Dearborn, Michael Gray, Michael Harbut, Tuula Husman,

Eckardt Johanning, Vincent Marinkovich, and patients


Conference closing & remarks

                        Eckardt Johanning






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